Mixed Methods Research

  • Research Methods
  • Quantitative
  • Qualitative

Mixed methods research is a form of research that combines quantitative and qualitative data. It is often used in social science research, but can be used in any field of research. Mixed methods research is seen as a more holistic way of understanding a problem or issue, as it allows for both qualitative and quantitative data to be considered together. This is useful because it can give a more complete picture of the problem or issue being studied.

Mixed methods research is also seen as a more flexible way of doing research. It allows for different data to be used in different ways, depending on what is most useful for answering the research question. This flexibility can be helpful when there is no one “right” way of doing research. This is the case with social science research, as there are many different ways to answer a question or solve a problem.

Both quantitative and qualitative research have benefits and disadvantages. Quantitative research is good for measuring quantities of people or things, but it does not show why something happened or what might happen next. Qualitative research is good for understanding people’s thoughts and feelings, but it cannot measure quantities. Mixed methods research can use the best of both types of research to give a more complete understanding of a problem or issue.

There are many different ways to do mixed methods research. One way is to start with a quantitative study, and then do a qualitative study of the same group of people. This is often called an “embedded” mixed methods design . Another way is to combine data from two different studies that each use only one method (e.g., quantitative or qualitative). This is called a “conjoint” mixed methods design . Two other ways are convergent mixed methods design and transformative mixed methods design.

Another important aspect of doing mixed methods research is to use the same question for both parts of the study. One way to ensure this happens is by using a "common or shared" protocol . This means that both studies have the same research questions, but may approach them differently depending on which method is best suited to answer those questions.

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