- Cognitive Bias
- Anchoring Bias
Functional Fixedness is another type of anchoring bias, it limits a person to only using a tool in a way it is traditionally used. Functional fixedness as being a mental block against using an object in a new way that is required to solve a problem. ref Functional fixedness is directly counter to creative problem solving and innovation.
Examples of Functional Fixedness
- Not trying solutions from other industries to solve a problem.
- Only using specialty software, like research software, when general applications can do similar actions.
- Trying to use the same approach from past challenges if you know they are sub-optimal.